Cooperation with Evil Flowchart

I just ran across this flow chart by David Rummelhoff that helps you decide whether an action you are thinking of taking is an illicit cooperation with evil. It is perhaps somewhat simplistic, as any such effort would be, but it does give one a path to follow in thinking about confusing situations. For those that aren’t Catholic, you can start at “Will your action contribute to the principle agent’s act?”


Robert Gotcher is a dogmatic and moral theologian and long-time member of UFL who received his Ph.D. from Marquette University. He and his wife, Kathy, are raising their seven children in Franklin, Wisconsin.